NTM is an environmental pathogen, which is why it’s important to focus on environmental sources of exposure. People who may be susceptible to infection, who already have an NTM infection, or who have had a past infection, should all take care to reduce possible exposure to NTM and to other pathogens which may compromise their health. Though there are not many studies on the efficacy of reduction and prevention techniques, there are basic, cost-effective, common-sense things you can do.
Influenza can be serious for a patient with an NTM infection. For patients with chronic lung disease, an annual flu shot and a periodic vaccine against pneumonia is generally advisable. Try to avoid contact with people who have colds or the flu, or with items they’ve touched or used.
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water frequently, and carry hand sanitizer with you.